began to rise. Under Ernst Röhm 's leadership the SA grew by 1934 to over half a million members4.5 million including reservesat a time when the regular army was still limited to 100,000 men by the Versailles Treaty. Deutsches Reich german Reich ) until 1943 and, großdeutsches Reich (Greater German Reich) from 1943 to 1945. With recruitment and conscription based only on expansion, by 1943 the Waffen-SS could not longer claim to be an elite fighting force. The Nazi regime believed that only Germany could defeat the forces of Bolshevism and save humanity from world domination by International Jewry. About 65 percent of the death sentences were carried out. Government See also: Government of Nazi Germany Hitler, Göring, Goebbels and Rudolf Hess during a military parade in 1933 Hitler ruled Germany autocratically by asserting the Führerprinzip leader principle which called for absolute obedience of all subordinates.
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Contents Name Further information: Reich The official name of the state was Deutsches Reich from 1933 to 1943 and Großdeutsches Reich from 1943 to 1945, while common English terms are "Nazi Germany" and "Third Reich". Schuschnigg scheduled a plebiscite regarding Austrian independence for 13 March, but Hitler sent an ultimatum to Schuschnigg on 11 March demanding that he hand over all power to the Austrian nsdap or face an invasion. Hindenburg and Defence Minister Werner von Blomberg threatened to impose martial law if the activities of the SA were not curtailed. This relatively low number in comparison to the occupied nations of Western Europe can be attributed to the devastating fighting on the Eastern Front. Nazi book burnings took place; nineteen such events were held on the night of Tens of thousands of books from dozens of figures, including Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Helen Keller, Alfred Kerr, Marcel Proust, Erich Maria Remarque, Upton Sinclair, Jakob Wassermann,. By 1942 extermination camps equipped with gas chambers were established at Auschwitz, Chełmno, Sobibor, Treblinka, and elsewhere. Six million people were unemployed when the Nazis took power in 1933 and by 1937 there were fewer than a million.